Beijing city has built three thousand years of history and the history of eight hundred and fifty years of capital. Republic of China, said Peking. After the founding of new China, the capital of the People’s Republic, China is now one of the four central municipalities, the country’s second largest city and the political, transportation and cultural center. North China Plain is located in the northern end of Beijing, Tianjin, southeast of the local area and connected to the rest is surrounded by Hebei Province. It is a blend of Yuan, Ming and Qing since the Chinese culture, has many historical sites and cultural landscape, cultural heritage of the world has the world’s largest cities, there are over 100 million 47 million passengers.
Beijing (in English: Municipality of Beijing Pinyin: Běi jīng Shì). Formerly known as Peking, is Wade pinyin transliteration method. Jin from China, the first time the capital of ancient China (1153), is the capital of Beijing beginning in 2010, is the 857 anniversary of the capital Beijing. Jin all the time in Beijing as a population of over one million. Gold in both the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing to lay a foundation. If the population alone, Beijing is undoubtedly the largest city in the world today (Beijing resident population of + the sum of external and mobile population, over one hundred million, the Tokyo metropolitan area has far exceeded the total population of 34 million). Beijing 2010 Global Cities Ranking 15th among the world’s major cities,ranking first in China.
Attractions Beijing is the world’s world heritage the largest city, is the world’s first geological park in the capital of the world’s cities. Beijing has rich tourism resources, opening up to more than 200 tourist attractions, the world’s largest palace Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, the Royal Garden, the North Sea, the Royal Summer Palace and Yuan Ming Yuan Garden, as well as the Badaling Great Wall, Mutianyu Great Wall and the The world’s largest courtyard Prince Gong’s Mansion and other attractions. Heritage city a total of 7309, 99 national key cultural relics protection units (including the Great Wall and the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal to Beijing), the 326 municipal conservation units, five national geological parks, 15 national forest parks.
Qianmen Street Was built in the Ming Dynasty in 1550 “Heaven Street” – Qianmen Avenue Beijing city is the last two generations of Chinese history, the capital city defense Qing Wang Zhaoming and general construction, by Miyagi, Imperial City, the inner city, outer city, consisting of walls, gates, Urn, turrets, enemy units, such as multi-channel facilities, moat , who is the most complete surviving ancient city defense system. Gates of the Ming and Qing Beijing gates in general. And construction specifications according to different levels, divided into Miyagi gates, Imperial gate, inside the city gate, outside the city gates four categories. Beijing Ming and Qing Dynasties are four gates Miyagi (a known six), Imperial gate four (one says six, or seven), the inner city gate nine, seven outside the city gates, the public has “Imperial City for nine seven four outside” view. After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, Beijing city have been gradually demolished, in addition to better retention of Miyagi, the current Imperial gate are preserved only Tiananmen Square, the only remaining Zhengyangmen the inner city, Deshengmen watchtower, southeast corner of the floor and walls Chongwenmen a residual, Outside the city is completely destroyed, only the Yongding Gate was rebuilt.
Peking opera is authentic quintessence of Chinese culture. Peking opera dates back to several ancient sources of local drama in 1790, the four areas of Anhui troupe – three Qing classes, Sixi classes, public classes in spring, and spring classes – Beijing has performed, was an unqualified success. Emblem class often associated with artists from Hubei Province to perform the Han stressed, therefore, a kind of emblem of tune “Second Yellow” and the Han tune “West,” which, integrated opera, Shaanxi Opera, operas and other local opera essence of the new opera was born, This is the Peking Opera. In the 200 years of development history, Peking Opera in the lyrics, and read more and more white and the words rhyme Beijing, and the use of the erhu, Jinghu and other musical instruments, also combines a number of national characteristics, and finally become a mature art. Opera set singing, dancing, martial arts, music, art, literature in one, and Western opera are similar, so called by Westerners “Peking Opera”.
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Beijing is the capital of China, one of the four municipalities, is China’s political, cultural, technological, educational and international exchange center, is China’s largest air traffic hub and economic center of northern China. The northern end of North China Plain, Beijing, Tianjin, southeast of the local area and connected to the rest is surrounded by Hebei Province. Compared to the urban population in Beijing is inferior to the second largest city Shanghai, China. Beijing is a city with a thousand years of history and cultural city, there are five dynasties in history was in this capital in the Beijing since the Ming and Qing Dynasties from the blend of Chinese culture, has many historical sites and cultural landscapes.
Badaling Great Wall, known as one of the world nine Cypriot, is the essence of the Great Wall in the Ming Great Wall, the unique representation. Badaling Great Wall is open to visitors to the earliest of the lot, the Beijing Badaling Great Wall majestic steep, picturesque, welcome to visit friends around the world tour, if you have not been to the Great Wall, then you are not a hero.
The Ming Tombs underground palace in the Ming Tombs, is back, 27 meters away from the Muding. The total area of 1195 square meters, all with a unique style stone structure, from the front, middle, rear, left and right five tall together into a spacious hall. Visit the Ming Tombs of China only opened underground palace of the Ming Tombs.
Juyongguan Great Wall. Back in the Spring and Autumn period, Yan had briefly controlled the mouth, then in the “Guyan plug.” Han Dynasty, Pass City has a considerable size. Pass and its important cultural and natural landscape values, assigned to the Badaling – Ming Tombs Scenic Reserve, to become one of the major attractions. Yuan Ming emperor fear Shundi comeback, Bo Jukuan construction, and enhance military defense capabilities.
Royal courtyard of traditional courtyard houses in northern China, the total is based on the characteristics of the compound (or patio) as the core, according to the principle of external reality and the imaginary regular pattern of axial symmetry to a variety of space layout. Beijing courtyard which the highest level and most typical, traditional houses is an excellent representative of the Han. Beijing warm quiet courtyard, with a strong flavor of life.
Sacred Way, the ancient Beijing Changping chow from the northwest, the stone arch, a large palace, magic holiness monument, Dan Xiangsheng, the more five-hole, seven-hole bridge, directly under the Changling tomb doors. Dan Xiangsheng from the stone arch to the north end of the dragon and phoenix gate length of nearly 2000 meters, is the Shinto architecture groups are most concentrated areas.
Stone tablets, width 33.6 meters, 10.5 meters high, the tall and majestic, beautifully carved, is the largest stone arch. Dahongmen north over the total Shinto, Changling Ming Tombs in the largest and best preserved. En Temple Miankuo 9, deep into the five, Zhong Yan Dianding veranda, an area of 1956 square meters, there are 32 more than 1 meter in diameter Phoebe pillars for domestic only see.
Forbidden City in central Beijing, formerly known as the Forbidden City. The Ming and Qing dynasties palace, unique masterpieces of ancient architecture, China, largest, most complete ancient building complex. Known as one of the world’s five Palace (Forbidden City in Beijing, the French Palace of Versailles, Buckingham Palace, the White House, Russia, the Kremlin).
Temple of Heaven located in Beijing, the city in the southeastern part of the original. Located in the south east just south of the Forbidden City, Zhengyangmen outside the eastern side. Eighteen years was built in Ming Dynasty Yongle (1420). Emperors in ancient China the land of Heaven. The total area of 273 hectares. The world’s largest buildings Heaven.
Imperial temple was built during Emperor Jiajing, together with the Imperial Ancestral Temple and Confucius Temple, Ming and Qing dynasties and known as the capital of the three royal temple. According to “Shuntian records,” as set out in The history of Emperors temple and Industry assistant minister sent the money … such as Beijing, supervisor, work finished, the Qin Yi temple rituals. “King built the temple also erected a” new imperial capital Temple monument.”
Summer Palace is a world famous imperial garden, which is located in the northwest outskirts of Beijing, about 15 kilometers from the capital, formerly known as “Qing Yi Park” 1888 reconstruction, renamed the “Summer Palace”, consumption of silver … Summer Palace the ingenious idea of garden art, garden art in the history of Sino-foreign status significantly, is rare in the world of garden art.
Grand View Garden is a reproduction of famous Chinese classical literature, “Dream of Red Mansions” in the “Grand View Garden” cultural park. Located in the Xuanwu District Nan Caiyuan (southwest corner of the moat banks of the urban area.)
In Cao Xueqin’s classic novel “Dream of Red Mansions”, the Grand View Garden is Jia built for the Royal palace Mothering and villas.
Prince Gong’s Mansion is located in the northwest corner of Shichahai, is a typical palace gardens, both in the axis, there are symmetrical approach. Founded in the eighteenth century, Beijing is the best preserved Qing Dynasty palace, known as the “Pearl of Shichahai.” Scholar who is the late Qianlong and He Shen’s residence, later changed to give to Prince Gong’s Palace Xin Yi.
Bird’s Nest, this known as “the fourth generation of sports,” the great architectural works, not just human beings in the 21st century witnessed the building and residential environment in the relentless pursuit of the field, … the nest by the 2001 Pritzker Architecture Prize receive by Herzog & de Meuron in collaboration with the Chinese architect of the giant stadium design.
Water Cube in Beijing Water Cube, Olympic Park, the Beijing Summer Olympic Games in 2008 built the main swimming pool, but also the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, one of landmark buildings. Its design, is the global design competition of the “Water Cube” program. December 2003 24 operations, 28 January 2008 completion.
Xinhua Gate is located in the western part of Beijing West Chang’an Street, the main entrance of the Central People’s Government. Its entrance is a classic style two-story glazed tile roof Diaolianghuadong next floor. The upper floor, surrounded by Ge Fan, Zhu Lan care Gallery, gives a cheerful and elegant feel. Shiqing regular script to gold, “Xinhua Gate,” the words chess plaque, hanging in front of the eaves.
National Theatre hosted by the French architect Paul Andreu designed, designer for the Paris airport company. National Theatre building roof was half-oval shape, with soft colors and the sheen of titanium metal, after two similar triangles on both sides of the glass curtain wall section, the building above the surface floating in the man-made.
Wanshou Temple was built in the Tang Dynasty, said Joseph Temple together. Five years of Ming Dynasty (1577) repair, the mother of Emperor Wanli Empress Dowager Li Tsz San funded, built from the Governor Sili Jian Feng Bow renamed Wanshou … year, the Summer Palace and Forbidden City at the Empress between exchanges, should be in the Wanshou Nianxiang Buddha, campus-wide palace tea in the West, it is a small Ningshou Gong said.